caliper or calipers

   An instrument photo of a caliperused to measure the thickness or diameter of an object. It consists of a pair of movable metal or wooden arms with curved, pointed ends, hinged together; or, having a fixed and a movable arm on a graduated stock. see thumbnail to rightThe two kinds pictured here are among the most common types, however there are many others. A sculptor can take an exact measurements from a model with a caliper. Inverted measurements, as well as scaled enlargements and reductions can be obtained with calipers. see thumbnail to leftThese are proportional calipers. By tightening a wing-nut one can establish a vertex anywhere along the central section of this caliper's length. They can enlarge a measurement up to 5 times, or reduce one to as much as 1/5, from measurements taken from either an inside (negative) space or from a positive space. (pr. cal'e-per) Also see pantograph, pointing and pointing machine.

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Caliper — For other uses, see Caliper (disambiguation). A vernier caliper …   Wikipedia

  • caliper — [kal′ə pər] n. [var. of CALIBER] 1. [usually pl.] an instrument consisting of a pair of movable, curved legs fastened together at one end, used to measure the thickness or diameter of something: there are inside calipers and outside calipers 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Calipers — Cal i*pers, n. pl. [Corrupted from caliber.] An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts, shot, etc.; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caliper compasses — Calipers Cal i*pers, n. pl. [Corrupted from caliber.] An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Caliper square — Calipers Cal i*pers, n. pl. [Corrupted from caliber.] An instrument, usually resembling a pair of dividers or compasses with curved legs, for measuring the diameter or thickness of bodies, as of work shaped in a lathe or planer, timber, masts,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • caliper — 1620s, short for calliper compass (1580s), a device used to measure CALIBER (Cf. caliber) (q.v.). Related: Calipers …   Etymology dictionary

  • caliper — (also calliper) ► NOUN 1) (also calipers) a measuring instrument with two hinged legs and in turned or out turned points. 2) a motor vehicle or bicycle brake consisting of two or more hinged components. 3) a metal support for a person s leg.… …   English terms dictionary

  • caliper — /kal euh peuhr/, n. 1. Usually, calipers. an instrument for measuring thicknesses and internal or external diameters inaccessible to a scale, consisting usually of a pair of adjustable pivoted legs. 2. any of various calibrated instruments for… …   Universalium

  • caliper — cal·i·per or chiefly Brit cal·li·per kal ə pər n 1) any of various measuring instruments having two usu. adjustable arms, legs, or jaws used to measure thickness, diameter, and distance between surfaces usu. used in pl. <a pair of calipers> …   Medical dictionary

  • caliper rule — noun : a rulelike scale with one fixed and one adjustable jaw * * * a caliper with one jaw fixed to or integral with a graduated straight bar on which the other jaw slides. * * * caliper rule, a rule having a graduated slide with a projecting… …   Useful english dictionary

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